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Exclusive Interview: Laurence Juber: A Guitarist with Wings (and fingers)

GuitarWithWingsCoverCIn 1978, Laurence Juber was plucked from the London studio world by Paul McCartney, who asked him to play lead guitar in what was to become the final incarnation of Paul’s post-Beatles group, Wings. He recorded and toured with the band for three years, during which time they won a GRAMMY and scored numerous chart hits.

When Wings folded in 1981, the guitarist relocated to the U.S. and settled in Los Angeles to raise a family. Since then he has become one of Hollywood’s most in-demand studio players and has gained worldwide recognition as an innovative fingerstyle guitar composer, performer and recording artist.

Looking back, Wings has enjoyed a popularity that goes beyond simply that of Paul McCartney’s 70s era backing group. In his new book Guitar With Wings: A Photographic Memoir, Laurence Juber brings the final chapter of Wings to life with a unique collection of unseen photographs, stories and memorabilia that show the band at work and play.

In an exclusive interview with Daytrippin’, Laurence Juber talks about the writing of his new book, his relatively unknown past and all things Wings.

Q: Why did you decide to write Guitar With Wings at this point in your life and career?

LJ: You can thank my co-author Marshall Terrill for that. Without his prompting, the photos would still be in the closet.  Once he proposed the book, my reaction was “if not now, then when?”

The timing was somewhat auspicious, coinciding with my ’50 Years on Six Strings’ anniversary and the book’s release coming 33 years after Wings folded – a number that has spiritual import.

The ancient Greeks referred to 60 as the ‘age of philosophy.’ I turned that milestone as I was starting to work on the book, so I suppose thanks can also go to the cosmos.

Q: Reading about your family history and early life was especially interesting given that fans didn’t know much about your past. What did you learn about your family history in your research that you didn’t know before?

LJ: Having to put it into words gave me a different perspective on my experiences. In revisiting my European roots, I learned some interesting things about my family tree, mostly about creatively-inclined relatives that I didn’t know I had.

Laurence Juber at age 13

Laurence Juber at age 13; Photo courtesy Laurence Juber

Q: Your ‘studio years’ prior to joining Wings was also educational reading. Looking back, how did those years prepare you for Wings and your subsequent career?

LJ: It was all about making a living by playing guitar and being versatile enough to walk into any musical situation. London was an exciting place to grow up musically in the 60’s and 70’s. I studied classical, played in jazz bands, blues bands, top 40 groups – you name it.

Paul was looking for someone who could handle a lot of different styles and Denny Laine recognized that when he recommended me. At that point, the McCartneys needed a stable professional to carry the lead guitar role and I ‘fit the suit.’

Q: You joined Wings at the tail end of the band, or as you call it, ‘The Indian Summer.’ What do you feel was particularly special about Wings from 1978-1981?

PaulSqueezebox

Paul McCartney; Photo courtesy Laurence Juber

LJ: Any period in Macca’s career is special – he’s not an artist that stands still. There were a lot of factors at play. For one, other than Paul himself, Steve Holley was the first English drummer in the band (discounting Geoff Britton, who was only there briefly). Denny Seiwell has a jazz drummer’s approach to orchestrating his parts. His work on Ram should be essential study for drum students. Joe English played with an American rock swing. Steve has that ‘Big Backbeat’ that is characteristic of the best British rock drummers.

Wings was, at least commercially, a pop group. Having Chris Thomas as co-producer brought out a level of rock sensibility that perhaps went deeper than the earlier incarnations of the band. Back to the Egg wasn’t a concept album, but Chris tends to bring that consciousness to his projects. His Beatles credentials are impeccable and I think he opened up some fresh creative space for Paul.

Even though Paul was the major creative force, Back to the Egg evolved as a band album, with a batch of material that lent itself to a ‘group mind’ in the studio with Chris as the ‘real 6th Wing.’

Q: Your recollection of your time in Wings is near encyclopedic. Can you explain why you remember those years so well?

LJ: I was substantially sober and doing a fair amount of meditation too, which seems to focus the mind. In writing the book, I had to dig deep to get the timeline right. I only kept a diary sporadically, so there was a lot of Googling in the process. Mostly it was the photos themselves that brought back the memories and documents too, like my old passports.

backtotheegg

‘Back to the Egg’ album cover

These are my recollections and the others could no doubt tell things from a different perspective. I appreciate the opportunity to tell my side of the story.

Q: You wrote extensively about the recording of Back to the Egg, which seems to draw extreme reactions from fans. How should music historians view this work?

LJ: Always in the context of Paul McCartney, artist. I’ve talked to many musicians that came of age with this album, as well as many fans for whom Egg was a conduit to discovering the Beatles. The critics didn’t like it at the time, but it seems to be better appreciated today.

In the digital era, albums in general have fragmented into their constituent tracks, so it’s reasonable to look at the individual songs and gain a fresh appreciation for the writing and performance aspects, regardless of the stylistic context.

Q: The picture you paint of Paul McCartney is not only a family man but as someone who encouraged collaboration and fraternization of his band members, which was not always the case with earlier incarnations of Wings. Do you think he loosened up by the time you and Steve Holley joined the group?

PaulandLinda

Paul and Linda McCartney; Photo courtesy Laurence Juber

LJ: Regarding the previous line-ups, I don’t have anything to compare it to. We were certainly collaborative creatively and the period we spent in Scotland and at the castle was great for developing the band sensibility. Paul and Linda still valued their family privacy, but when we were in the studio, it felt like a band.

Q: What did you learn about yourself in the process of writing Guitar With Wings?

LJ: I didn’t know I could write that much! Also, that I enjoy the process of archiving the material.

Q: As you recently stated at your appearance at The Fest for Beatles Fans in Chicago, Guitar With Wings only covers the first half of your life. Will there potentially be a second book one day to cover the second portion of your career?

LJ: I’m more inclined to let my music tell the story, so a subsequent book will likely focus on my compositions and be a music folio with stories, a few photos and glimpses of my solo career.

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Guitar With Wings is available at www.guitarwithwings.com and www.daltonwatson.com.

Laurence Juber will be signing copies of Guitar With Wings at the Los Angeles Fest for Beatles Fans Oct. 10-12. For more information about Laurence Juber, visit www.laurencejuber.com

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Want more Laurence Juber? Read our in-depth interview with him from 2010:
Ex-Wings guitarist, Laurence Juber, talks about attending ‘Paul McCartney University’

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Review: McCartney’s RAM remastered: A turning point for Paul

RAM may be considered Paul McCartney’s second solo album after the breakup of The Beatles, but it should really be considered his first album as “Paul McCartney, the ex-Beatle”. RAM was originally released 41 years ago on May 17, 1971 and today is being released as a remastered edition in several different formats.

In the summer of 1970, after the success of “McCartney”, Paul and Linda retreated to Mull of Kintyre in Scotland, where they wrote songs for the album. It was a turning point for Paul. This was the album where Paul made Linda part of his musical legacy, and openly criticized John Lennon.

RAM is credited to Paul and Linda McCartney as a pair, with Linda having co-written six of the tracks. In the bonus video segment called “Ramming” available on the Deluxe Edition Box Set, McCartney explains that he asked Linda if she wanted to join the new band he was putting together. Linda replied, “Yeah.”

This would be the first time Paul worked closely with female harmonies. Linda would serve as his backing vocalist for many years to come. On the deluxe release, you can hear just plain and simple that Linda McCartney had a good singing voice. Just watch the bonus video for “Hey Diddle” and you’ll hear Linda harmonizing with Paul while he plays acoustic guitar outside sitting on the grass.

RAM gave Paul McCartney his first number one US hit single post-Beatles with “Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey”. The album also contained the song “Too Many People” which McCartney admits was a jab at former bandmate John Lennon.

“I did feel he [John] was preaching a little bit about what everyone should do, how they should live their lives,” Paul explains on the ‘Ramming’ video segment. “I felt some of it was a bit hypocritical.”

Reacting to John’s musical response of “How Do You Sleep” released on the Imagine album five months later, McCartney replies, “I nearly did a song ‘Quite Well, Thank You.'”

Other highlights from the original album include “Smile Away”, “Heart of the Country”, “Monkberry Moon Delight” and “The Back Seat Of My Car”. Music videos for “Heart of the Country” and “3 Legs” are also included on the bonus DVD from the Deluxe edition.

While the standard CD features the original tracks on the album remastered, the special edition CD contains a bonus disc which contains the single “Another Day/Oh Woman, Oh Why” as well as lesser known songs “Little Woman Love”, “Hey Diddle” and “Rode All Night”.

The Deluxe edition contains 4 CDs, 1 DVD, 112-page book, photo prints, handwritten lyrics and notes. This set includes two additional CDs of the remastered mono version of the original RAM album and the remastered “Thrillington” album from 1977 which was an instrumental version of RAM produced by Paul, a.k.a. Percy “Thrills” Thrillington.

The remastered edition of RAM also comes in digital and vinyl formats.

As Paul McCartney explains, RAM symbolized “pushing forward”. RAM was definitely the start to the second career of Paul McCartney, the performer who some people were surprised to know was in a band before Wings.

–Trina Yannicos

Enter our contest to win a copy of the standard CD edition of RAM…contest open now through Paul McCartney’s 70th birthday !!

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Remastered edition of Paul McCartney’s RAM to be released May 22

“Ladies and gentlemen, this is an album from a long, long time ago, when the world was different.  This is an album that is part of my history – it goes back to the wee hills of Scotland where it was formed.  It’s an album called RAM. It reminds me of my hippie days and the free attitude with which was created.  I hope you’re going to like it, because I do!”

Paul McCartney, 2012

On May 22, Paul and Linda McCartney’s 1971 album, RAM, will be released across a variety of formats with new and exclusive content including a beautifully packaged Deluxe Edition Box Set.

Following the successful recent reissues of McCartney, McCartney II, and this year’s Grammy winner for Best Historical Album Band on the Run, RAM is the latest album from Paul’s iconic back catalogue to get the deluxe Paul McCartney Archive Collection treatment. As with the previous releases in the series, Paul has personally overseen every aspect of the project.

The standard release tracklisting is as follows:

Standard Edition

1. Too Many People

2. 3 Legs

3. Ram On

4. Dear Boy

5. Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey

6. Smile Away

7. Heart Of The Country

8. Monkberry Moon Delight

9. Eat At Home

10. Long Haired Lady

11. Ram On

12. The Back Seat Of My Car

In keeping with the reissue campaign to date, the Deluxe Edition Box Set is the ultimate collectable for any fan of this album.  Its stunningly presented 112-page book, photo prints, handwritten lyrics and notes, four CDs and a bonus film DVD, tells the full story of a classic album that has gone down in music history as one of the most revered in McCartney’s catalogue.

The deluxe edition tracklisting is revealed as follows:

CD 1 – Remastered Album (as listed above)

CD 2 – Bonus Audio

1. Another Day

2. Oh Woman, Oh Why

3. Little Woman Love

4. A Love For You (Jon Kelly Mix)

5. Hey Diddle (Dixon Van Winkle Mix)

6. Great Cock And Seagull Race (Dixon Van Winkle Mix)

7. Rode All Night

8. Sunshine Sometime (Earliest Mix)

CD 3 – Remastered Mono Album

1. Too Many People

2. 3 Legs

3. Ram On

4. Dear Boy

5. Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey

6. Smile Away

7. Heart Of The Country

8. Monkberry Moon Delight

9. Eat At Home

10. Long Haired Lady

11. Ram On

12. The Back Seat Of My Car

CD 4 – Thrillington – Remastered Album

1. Too Many People

2. 3 Legs

3. Ram On

4. Dear Boy

5. Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey

6. Smile Away

7. Heart Of The Country

8. Monkberry Moon Delight

9. Eat At Home

10. Long Haired Lady

11. The Back Seat Of My Car

DVD – Bonus Film

1. Ramming

2. Heart Of The Country

3. 3 Legs

4. Hey Diddle

5. Eat At Home On Tour

– Menu music features a selection of jingles from the promo disc Brung To Ewe By

Other content:

112-page book with 32 page scrapboook, 5 photo prints, wallet including facsimiles of Paul’s handwritten lyrics and notes, mini-photographic book of outtakes from the album cover photo shoot, plus digital-only premium membership to paulmccartney.com.

RAM, originally released in May of 1971, is the only album to be credited to both Paul and Linda McCartney and was Paul’s second post-Beatles LP.  It was overshadowed at the time by the drama of the dissolution of The Beatles, as played out in the world’s media. The album topped the charts hitting #1 in the UK and #2 in the US.  While RAM polarized critics upon its release, music fans and critics alike since have overwhelmingly embraced it, with Rolling Stone, for example, revising their original review up to 4 stars.  Recently RAM has enjoyed even further re-appraisal and acknowledgement including a number of tribute albums.

RAM was written by Paul and Linda, mostly at their Scottish farm on the Mull of Kintyre.  In the autumn of 1970 they flew to New York to start the recording process.  Without a band in place they auditioned and drafted musicians, who included future Wings drummer Denny Seiwell and guitarists David Spinozza and Hugh McCracken.

The band completed the album in early 1971 along with non-album tracks ‘Another Day’ and ‘Oh Woman, Oh Why’ which were released together as Paul’s first post-Beatles single ahead of the release of RAM and became a Top 5 global hit.  The multi-disc editions of the RAM reissue include both songs as bonus tracks.  The album also gave Paul his first post-Beatles US number 1 single with ‘Uncle Albert/Admiral Halsey’ and a Grammy win for Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalists.

RAM was also issued in mono with alternate mixes, which were only made available to radio stations at the time.  This version has gone on to become one of the most sought after McCartney collectables.  It will now be commercially available for the first time ever on CD as part of the Deluxe Edition as well as a limited run on vinyl.

1977 saw the release of Thrillington, an instrumental interpretation of RAM, which was originally recorded in 1971 at London’s Abbey Road Studios and was arranged by Richard Hewson.  It was released under the pseudonym Percy ‘Thrills’ Thrillington, an unknown eccentric socialite who often cropped up in mysterious newspaper classifieds.  In reality Percy was a character devised by Paul and Linda.  The idea behind it was simply to have some fun and the concept of doing a full orchestral album was an ambition long held by Paul.

The additional film content features previously unreleased and exclusive content including the brand-new documentary, “Ramming” narrated by Paul, as well as the original music videos for “Heart Of The Country” and “3 Legs”.

The remastering work was done at Abbey Road using the same team who recently remastered the complete Beatles’ catalogue.

[Source: Official press release]

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Paul McCartney’s remastered Band on the Run delivers great bonus material

Don’t get me wrong, it’s a good thing — but we Beatles fans are up to our ears in the recent releases of remastered CDs — John Lennon’s entire solo catalog, the Beatles Red and Blue albums, the Apple Records Box Set, not to mention last year’s Beatles remasters in stereo and mono. And today, November 2, marks the release of Paul McCartney’s Band on the Run remastered CD coming in three different packages.

It seems like just yesterday when the 25th Anniversary Edition of Paul McCartney and Wings’ Band on the Run was released. In actuality, that version came out 11 years ago in 1999. While it may not seem like enough time has passed to warrant another Band on the Run release, the first release from the ‘Paul McCartney Archive Collection’ knows how to lure in its fan base — great bonus material, of course!

If you don’t have a CD copy of Band on the Run, getting this remastered version is a no-brainer. But for those of us who may already have previous versions of the album and/or the CD, it always helps when the powers that be add a few extras that most loyal Beatles/McCartney fans won’t be able to pass up.
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Case in point – the previously unreleased documentary, One Hand Clapping, filmed in Autumn 1974 at Abbey Road Studios in London. This (approx.) 45-minute film is a gem because it shows a rarely seen side of Paul McCartney behind-the-scenes and relaxed in a studio environment surrounded by his Wings’ bandmates including his late wife, Linda McCartney.
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The best moment in the film is during the performance of “Nineteen Hundred and Eighty-Five” when Paul sings while holding a microphone and stands in front of the camera without an instrument — a rarity indeed. We even see Paul dancing and bopping along to the song!
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The history behind Band on the Run is fascinating in itself and explained in the liner notes by Paul Gambaccini, who interviewed Paul on behalf of Rolling Stone back when Band on the Run was originally released. [Gambaccini would go on to publish the books “Paul McCartney: In His Own Words” and “The McCartney Interviews: After the Breakup.”]
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Gambaccini reveals some interesting trivia like the fact that at the time Paul and Linda had a black labrador puppy named “Jet,” and the song “Helen Wheels” is only on the bonus audio CD because it was originally released as a single and not included on the original Band on the Run album in the UK.
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Another fascinating piece of Band on the Run history can be seen in the short bonus video footage documenting the Band on the Run album cover photo shoot at Osterley Park. Paul recruited six celebrities to appear with Linda, Denny Laine and himself in the classic renegade/prison break shot. In this bonus footage you see Paul interacting with actor James Coburn, boxing champion John Conteh, Clement Freud (grandson of Sigmund), actor Christopher Lee, singer Kenny Lynch and popular British TV host, Michael Parkinson.
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The Band on the Run ‘Special Edition’ includes the remastered album, the bonus DVD described above and a bonus audio CD featuring several live performances from One Hand Clapping. While most of the tracks are live versions of the original Band on the Run songs, it would have been nice if a few of the songs on the bonus CD were the lesser known songs featured in One Hand Clapping like ‘Soily’ and ‘All of You’.
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For the true collector, the 4-disc deluxe edition offers even more bonus material including an extra CD featuring an audio documentary (originally included in the 25th Anniversary edition) and a 120-page book “containing many previously unpublished images by Linda McCartney and Clive Arrowsmith, album and single artwork, and a full history of the album, complete with a new interview with Paul” as stated on McCartney’s official website.
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If the 4-disc deluxe edition is not in your budget, the Band on the Run special edition 3-disc set is affordable and worth the price compared with purchasing just the standard edition. (Find it on sale at Amazon.com)

–Trina Yannicos

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Exclusive: Ex-Wings guitarist, Laurence Juber, talks about having Paul McCartney as a boss

This is the second half of Daytrippin’s exclusive interview with guitarist Laurence Juber

Click here to read Part 1

by Marshall Terrill

Back to the Egg press conference, 1979:
(L-R) Top: Paul McCartney, Laurence Juber
Bottom: Steve Holly, Denny Laine, Linda McCartney
[Photo courtesy Laurence Juber]

Laurence Juber has no need to rely on his past, therefore, he isn’t afraid to revisit it every now and then.

Often considered most famous for playing lead guitar in Wings from 1978 to 1981, he has since had a distinguished career as a solo finger-style guitarist.

The two-time Grammy award-winning artist has developed a reputation as a world-class guitar virtuoso solo artist, composer and arranger, and released 15 critically acclaimed solo albums since Wings folded. His latest, LJ Plays The Beatles Vol. 2 (Solid Air, 2010), is a solo acoustic guitar arrangement of 15 songs by John Lennon and Paul McCartney.  It is also the long-awaited sequel to LJ Plays the Beatles (Solid Air, 2000), which was voted one of Acoustic Guitar magazine’s top 10 all-time acoustic albums.

In part two of this candid and definitive interview, Juber discusses McCartney’s reputation for treating musicians like sidemen, how Wings went out with a whimper rather than a bang, his new Beatles tribute CD and his busy life today.

Daytrippin’: Let’s address the reputation Paul McCartney had at the time for treating members of Wings like “sidemen”, a charge that was leveled by other Wings members and played up quite a bit in the 1970s.

Juber: A sideman is a typically a musician that is hired to play a role on stage and/or in the studio. For me specifically, to deliver a guitar solo, some groove and texture, a cool rhythm guitar part or whatever was appropriate. For example during the Back to the Egg period, as well as playing the obvious lead guitar stuff,  I played bass guitar on “Love Awake,” slide acoustic on “After the Ball,” the Flamenco lead acoustic solo on “Goodnight Tonight.”

So yes, I was a sideman, but the job assignment very much included considering myself a part of the band.  I’m a bit of a chameleon stylistically and I think that I got the gig because I could play the bluesy lead stuff, but also other styles like the jazzy intro on “Baby’s Request.” What’s on the recordings represents the creative opportunities that Paul afforded me and he gave me a lot of leeway. The only times he ever told me what to specifically play was when he had a particular lick, like on “Daytime Nighttime Suffering.”

Addressing the question in financial terms it was still a ‘work for hire’ and a reasonable improvement from what I was making as a studio musician. I’ve never had any complaints about the financial end of the arrangement. Early on, Paul had a bit of a reputation for not paying his bandmates well. This really goes back to when Wings first started and Paul had limited cash flow.  There were financial issues because of the way the Beatles broke up and it took a while for those to be solved. Part of it was also Paul’s idea of creating Wings essentially from scratch. When the band first started, Paul told me that he [basically only] had an office and a phone, and got to work. I think he wanted to know the basic functions of the business end before he would hand it over to someone else. So basically the attitude was, “This is a small band and we’re going to get in a bus and go to a college and play at lunch time and share whatever money goes into the hat.” It’s a nice utopian kind of vision, but it became hard on the other guys as time wore on and didn’t quite fit with the fact that Paul was a still a megastar. By the time I joined the band things had changed, although the ‘esprit de corps’ was still there.

In all its incarnations Wings sounded like a band, not like a solo McCartney project and I think that reflects well not only on Paul’s ability to share in the creative process, but also on the importance of Denny and Linda’s contributions, too. The other players brought their own personalities to the scene.

Laurence Juber; photo by Linda McCartney

Daytrippin’: And from what little you’ve stated here, it sounds as if he gave you a lot more leeway creatively than Denny Seiwell, Henry or say Jimmy McCullough?

Juber: I can’t speak for Jimmy McCullough. Regarding the others, you’d have to ask Denny Seiwell, but he’s not expressed any reservations about being creatively inhibited. I do know that Henry McCullough’s solo on “My Love” has his own voice. I’ve heard a couple of different stories about what went on there – according to Paul in Wingspan, Henry recorded it live with the orchestra. According to Trevor Jones (the late Wings roadie), it was an overdub that took all night to record and Henry was pretty much in tears by the time they finished recording. So I don’t know who to believe on that. It’s a very passionate solo and there’s a lot of emotion in there and I’d probably be reduced to tears, too.

Daytrippin’: What are your favorite songs on Back to the Egg and why?

Juber: I keep rediscovering tracks. I like “Baby’s Request”; “Arrow Through Me”; “Spin it On”…

Daytrippin’: For me, “Spin it On” embodies that particular incarnation of Wings. Like the band, the song has this incredible energy and sense of fun.

Juber: Yes, agreed…it’s like punk-rockabilly and has this really cool relentless vibe. I did all the guitar solo stuff on that song in about 20 minutes. At least that’s how long it felt. It was me sitting next to Paul in the control room, just playing for him. I was just bringing my own personality to it. Steve Holly came up with the double speed drum overdub on “Arrow Through Me.” There’s two drum tracks on that song and almost nothing else, other than the horn lick and the electric piano. I remember Paul Simon came into the studio and listened to the song and said, “Wow, how did you get that incredible bass sound?” When we told him it was the left hand of the electric piano he was truly surprised.

Daytrippin’: What do you recall of the studio Rockestra lineup (David Gilmour, Pete Townshend, John Bonham, Kenny Jones, John Paul Jones, Ronnie Laine, to name but a few) when you recorded “Rockestra Theme” and “So Glad to See You Here”?

Juber: It was an amazing session. We did those two songs in an afternoon. These were all seasoned musicians, so they didn’t need much time to learn the tunes. The technical aspect was a bit challenging because the engineers were running two 24-track machines linked together, which was a fairly new thing to do. There were dozens of mic channels all going at once with three drum kits, six guitars, three basses and keyboards, horns and percussion. But everybody checked their egos at the door and played great, and it was such a wonderful experience. Listening to those tracks now, they are huge, although I don’t know that many people have heard the ‘real deal’. The  ’90s-era CD master was only adequate and the download version that was available for a while was still a compressed format. Hopefully the Concord release, when it comes, will be an improvement. I’ve got some great unpublished photos of that session. I remember Linda taking a bunch, too.

Daytrippin’: Speaking of Linda’s photography, she took some great photos of you…she is, in my opinion, one of the most underrated rock photographers of all-time. What made her a great photographer?

Juber: She was completely unpretentious. She wasn’t about people posing for pictures. It was all candid stuff. A lot of time she shot Polaroids or 35mm using high-speed B&W film in low-light scenarios. She would use Kodak recording film and run it at 3200 and not use flash. So a lot of time you wouldn’t even be aware she was snapping photos. There’s got to be hundreds, if not thousands of photos she took of Wings on stage. I’m sure there’s lot of interesting photos of us in her archives. And yes, I think she should be recognized along with Jim Marshall, Henry Diltz and other rock photographers of that ilk.  Her pictures are amazing.

Daytrippin’: Most of the songs from Back to the Egg had a music video shot for them, which was an uncommon thing for artists back in the pre-MTV era. What stands out in your mind about making those videos?

Juber: What really stands out was the fact that there was no MTV. Those videos ended up as a half-hour syndicated TV special that I think was sponsored by Coca-Cola. They were state of the art at the time…look at the editing techniques on “Spin it On”- it was sped up in sections to give a special effect.  We’re talking 1979, when answering machines were a new-fangled item. Fax machines were just coming into existence; there were no cell phones and a single VHS tape would set you back about $25.

MTV didn’t go on the air until 1981. So in a way, it felt kind of pioneering, but the real pioneers were the Beatles, weren’t they?  “Paperback Writer”; “Rain”; “Penny Lane”; “A Day in the Life”; “Hello Goodbye.” Those were all done in the sixties. The Beatles really created the whole original MTV-style with A Hard Day’s Night. I’m sure there was a certain kind of continuity in Paul’s mind to do promo videos. And I must say this: even though I was out of my adolescence, there was still a self-consciousness I had about myself.  “I’m a lead guitarist and a serious musician,” and so I had to loosen up a bit to get into the spirit of some of those videos. The video for “Wonderful Christmastime” was great because we got to hang out at the pub and have a bonfire outside. I definitely remember the “Spin it On” video, because we were wearing these fake fur-lined leather flight jackets (this was before the veggie philosophy had really kicked-in). We’re filming in a aircraft hangar in the cool English Spring, but we had massive amounts of lights behind us, so we were roasting. When I got home that day, I hung that jacket up and it was still dripping days later because it was so hot on stage.

Daytrippin’: The 19-date UK Tour kicked off with a series of concerts in Liverpool in November 1979. Obviously Liverpool has a special place in Paul’s heart. Any special memories for you regarding Liverpool?

Juber: It is certainly an appropriate place to start a Macca tour. We did some kind of press event on a boat on the Mersey. I remember the free warm-up show we did at the Liverpool Institute, which was Paul’s old school. If memory serves me correctly, on the opening night all the taxi drivers went on strike in Liverpool. They deliberately picked that night because the show was such a big deal.

When you’re on tour, you have your priorities and have to focus on playing for those two hours onstage.  It was all a grand experience and I was still in the learning mode. One of the great regrets I have from that period was that by the time we got to Japan, we had worked out the kinks in our show and things were starting to gel. Listen to the Glasgow show, and you’ll hear a real band.  The 1979 tour was still thought of as the promotional tour for Back to the Egg, even though it took place almost six months after the album came out. But the repertoire was moving beyond that.  We had “Another Day,” “Let ‘Em In”, “Live and Let Die” worked up for that Japanese tour. It was fun playing Beatle tunes, too.

Daytrippin’: Two songs that were originally recorded by Paul as a solo artist but certainly played in concert by Wings on that tour were “Wonderful Christmastime” and “Coming Up.” Did you learn them in the studio or live?

Juber: We learned both of those songs to play live. When I first heard the solo version of “Coming Up,” I thought it was a bit fast and quirky. I preferred what we did with it as a band. It had this rock and R&B sensibility to it and it just felt cool when we were doing it. “Wonderful Christmastime” was kind of a novelty number. It’s a nice, jolly tune and  is still one of the all-time Top 25 Christmas records.  I almost wish Paul had written another classic in the vein of “White Christmas.” Nonetheless, it was an original take on the Yuletide theme. I sang backing vocals on stage and would invariably get a mouthful of the fake snow that they dropped on the stage during that song.

Daytrippin’: The fact that “Coming Up” and the entire concert in Glasgow, Scotland, were recorded live leads me to believe there was a live album in the works?

Juber: We were just documenting what we were doing. Paul has subsequently recorded and released a live album of just about every tour. At that time, not much time had passed since Wings Over America was released and it was still too early in the game to determine if he was going to release a live album of this particular tour. “Coming Up” as a live single ended up being a No.1 record in the summer of 1980, because it really ‘hit the spot’ in what radio was looking for from Paul McCartney. Had that song been on Back to the Egg, both it and the album would have been much bigger. It’s a nice piece of classic rock because it had that nice combination of hook, riff and vibe.

Daytrippin’: I assume the highlight of that tour for you was the “Concert For Kampuchea” when you played the guitar solo for “Let It Be” in front of a ‘Who’s Who of Rock Royalty’?

Juber: No, no. The highlight for me was the whole second Glasgow concert. Kampuchea was a stage highlight in terms of getting to play with all the rock luminaries and (laughs) having Pete Townsend looking over my shoulder on “Let It Be.” At a certain point, I realized no one out of this huge band was going to step forward to play that solo and I’d been doing it for the whole tour, so I just went for it. It was one of those moments in my career where I was able to say, “Well, I got to do that…” It was a magical moment, but the highlight of the tour from a musical point of view was that last Glasgow concert. That was the point on the tour when we were really cooking as a band. It was also a more complete set than Kampuchea. And to be honest, if you listen to the Last Flight bootleg CD, the version we did of “Let It Be” in Glasgow was even better. I’ll never forget the audience reaction to the bagpipe band marching through the audience that night.

Daytrippin’: Paul McCartney’s marijuana bust in Japan meant the tour had to be canceled and appears to have led to Wings’ demise. Had Paul not been busted, were there definitive plans for Wings to tour the United States and other countries in 1980?

Juber: Yes, there were plans but I don’t know how definitive they were. We certainly had meetings about it and looked at designs for staging the show in the US. I also remember all of us watching a news report on Israel with promoter Harvey Goldsmith, who said, “See that area? We could put a stage there for you.” He was suggesting that we should hold a concert in Israel. Back to your question – there was certainly discussion about touring the US in the summer of 1980. In fact, had we done it, we would have been on tour with the No. 1 single (“Coming Up”) and then Wings could have potentially gone out with a bang rather than a whimper.

Daytrippin’: Wings officially folded in April 1981. How were you given the news?

Juber: We knew before then that it was over. In fact, I moved to New York at the end of January 1981, so that tells you that, for me, the writing was clearly on the wall. I didn’t want to hang around when I knew there was other work to be done. How was I told? Paul called in November and he was very nice and said, “Listen, I’m doing this album (Tug of War) and George Martin doesn’t want it be a Wings record, but we’re still going to be working as a band in January.” And we indeed were working in January 1981 on the Cold Cuts collection. Things like, “A Love For You” – there ‘s some of me in there.  But there was no real reason for there to be another Wings record and why wait around if there was no tour to do. It was also coincidental with John Lennon’s death, but the process was already underway.  When John died, it reinforced the insecurity of being a former Beatle and being out in public at that point.

Daytrippin’: It also seems like it was fated that Wings broke up the same month you met your wife Hope?

Juber: Listen, you have no idea how fated it was…the whole story of why Hope was in New York in the first place started because of John Lennon’s death.

She is, and always has been, a big Beatles fan and, after John died, she became very depressed. She didn’t seem to be  getting over it, and her parents were worried. Her mom called and said, “I know what will make you feel better – you’re going to get your hair done at my hairdresser.” Hope wasn’t crazy about the idea, but she went anyway. So she goes to the Beverly Hills salon, and the hairdresser recognized her sadness and tells her, “You really don’t seem happy, so why don’t we have a cup of coffee. I’ll finish with my next client and you go take a walk around the block, by the time you’re done I’ll be done.” So, she walks around not really looking where she’s going and she bumps straight into somebody. She is actually standing on a pair of boots. She looks up and it’s Ringo! Hope apologizes for bumping into him and mentions how sorry she was about John’s death and he starts to talk to her. He tells her how he’s getting on with his life, making a new record – which, by coincidence, was the record I was playing on (Stop and Smell the Roses) – and that focusing on work at times like these is really important. The next day, her dad (famous TV producer Sherwood Schwartz) called her and said, “I’m doing a show at Paramount and I’d like you to work on it as a writer.” She had not been willing to write for her dad before. It was only because of her encounter with Ringo that she accepted the offer. Subsequently she went to New York with an actor friend she met while working at that studio. They had arranged to to meet at a comedy club. She and I met there and the universe shifted.

Daytrippin’: I’ve always felt Paul and Linda McCartney were role models for you and Hope in that rock’n’roll and family can be blended successfully. Were they role models?

Juber: Absolutely! They were a wonderful example of how a husband and wife can work together.  Linda was very much the Earth Mother; extremely unpretentious. The McCartneys were, as a couple, very grounded and truly in love with each other. None of the game-playing and complications that often go with the entertainment business. Compare with what happened in Paul’s subsequent marriage with Heather Mills. He and Linda were a definite influence on my life and marriage.

Daytrippin’: In July 1980 you recorded “Private Property” and “Attention” with Paul and Linda McCartney for Ringo Starr’s Stop and Smell the Roses. What was it like watching Paul and Ringo interact and work together?

Juber: Simply amazing. The fact that I’m sitting there in the studio watching Paul and Ringo work and I say to myself, “Wow, there’s half of the Beatles. How cool is this?” They had a sixth sense about each other and where to go musically. It was magical to watch the two interact. We also did  “Sure to Fall” and Linda’s tune “Love’s Full Glory” that ended up on Wide Prairie.

Daytrippin’: Six years later you recorded “Shanghai Surprise” with George Harrison. What was it was like working with him and then, of course, his experience with your lovely wife, Hope.

Juber: There was a producer named Bob Rose I had been working with on a few projects, who produced some stuff for Donovan that was released in Japan, plus an album with Michael Des Barres (the singer from Checkered Past and Power Station), who I had written some songs with. George Harrison had asked Bob to help him out with some of the tracks for the Shanghai Surprise soundtrack, so I went into the studio and played acoustic. I loaned George some of my equipment and he played on one of my guitars, and we spent a lot of time talking about the Beatles, because believe it or not, George was a big Beatles fan. He was just a lovely guy and very gentle.

I literally went directly from being with Hope when she gave birth to our second daughter Ilsey, to the studio with George. Hope was upset because she really wanted to meet him, so I got him on the phone to talk to her when she was in the hospital, and he said, “When you’re ready, come on down to the studio.” So a couple of days later I took Hope and Ilsey down to Village Recorders in West LA and George danced around with our new daughter and said some words in Sanskrit, which he told us was a blessing for ‘the gift of music’. It worked! She is extremely musical and now she has her own band called Walking In Space, who are being produced by Randy Jackson.

Daytrippin’: Didn’t Hope push you in the direction of LJ Plays the Beatles Vol.1? Even though you were in Wings, it seems as if playing the Beatles is such a natural fit for you given your analytical mind and adaptability.

Juber: I think that my approach works with tunes from any era and I’ve tackled classical pieces and standards from the 1930s, as well as my own tunes. I tend not to discriminate by decade! The Beatles repertoire is just so rich and resonant to me and my audience.

I had recorded a version of “Rain” on an album of mine called Mosaic. I’d play it in concert and people would say, “Oh, please do an entire album of Beatles.” Well, I was reluctant, because those songs are so iconic and, at that time, I had been focusing on composing rather than arranging. Hope said, “If you won’t do it for them, at least do it for me.” I said, “Well, then you’re going to produce it.” She had already been co-producing with me, but I told her on this one she was totally in charge. And LJ Plays the Beatles turned out well and proved to be quite popular. Acoustic Guitar magazine selected it as one of the top 10 acoustic guitar recordings of all time.

Daytrippin’: And in doing the Beatles, did you have a new appreciation for them as writers, players and their styles of music that they fused together?

Juber: Every time I hear a Beatles record I gain a new appreciation. Above and beyond the analytical part of it and creating the arrangements, when I start deconstructing Beatles songs, I find unexpected things. I can never listen to a Beatles record twice and hear exactly the same thing. There’s always something that I’ve missed, or a new discovery where you say, “Wow, what was that little guitar lick?” Or the way in which the backing vocals come in…there’s always something.

And in a way, it’s a reason why I decided to do LJ Plays the Beatles Vol. 2. In the decade since Vol.1 , I’ve learned a lot in terms of my guitar artistry and was willing to apply that to a fresh batch of Beatles songs. (LJ Plays the Beatles Vol. 2 includes “Penny Lane”; “Eleanor Rigby”; “Drive My Car”; “Here There & Everywhere”; “You Can’t Do That”; “Blackbird”; “I Feel Fine”; “Dear Prudence”; “When I’m Sixty Four”; “Please, Please Me,”; “No Reply”; “I Am The Walrus”; “All I’ve Got to Do”; “Michelle” and “The Long and Winding Road.”)

Daytrippin’: Was there a particular reason why you chose this batch of songs for the second volume?

Juber: For business reasons, it was conceived as a Lennon/McCartney collection. Some of them are favorites; some of them are guitaristic challenges; some of them are Hope’s suggestions. If Paul had George’s Chet Atkins-style picking skills, he could have written “When I’m 64” on the guitar. As it was, he wrote it on the piano, but it fits so neatly onto the fingerboard with minimal adaptation. With “Penny Lane,” I just wanted to tackle the musical complexity of the song; the same goes for “I Am the Walrus.” Having such a positive experience with “Strawberry Fields Forever” on the first album, I felt  “Walrus” was a natural musical heir to that song in John’s musical development.

There’s often a clear dividing line in their work, even though they were a partnership. As you know, “Penny Lane”, “Eleanor Rigby”,“Here, There and Everywhere”, “The Long and Winding Road” and “Blackbird” are very Paul. “You Can’t Do That”, “I Feel Fine”, “I Am The Walrus” and “Dear Prudence” are very John. He talked about intending “Please Please Me” to be a Roy Orbison-style song, so I wanted my arrangement of the song to stay true to John’s intention, rather than using the Beatle arrangement as a template. When I started doing it, Hope said, “Yeah, but where’s the urgency?”  There’s a primal, sexual energy to the song and she wasn’t happy until I captured that. Then the challenge was to separate the intro harmonica motif from the melody. I dropped to to the lower strings and managed to capture a little of the Orbison ‘twang’ that I was looking for.

Daytrippin’: “Dear Prudence” seems a natural fit for your finger-picking style of playing. With that said, was it an easy or hard song for you to reproduce?

Juber: It was actually kind of hard. Both that song and “Blackbird” were tricky for that very reason. When I did the first album, I stayed away from the already finger-picked tunes. Sometimes you have songs where the guitar part is so familiar that it’s essential to maintain at least the illusion of the original, while still blending in the melody.

Daytrippin’: And that’s what I thought was really interesting about LJ Plays the Beatles Vol. 2 – you are not only playing the melody and the chords, but your guitar is actually mimicking the vocals and I’ve never heard that in an instrumental album before.

Juber: Well, yes, that’s my job. That’s really what’s it’s all about, to articulate the tune. I don’t think of it as mimicry, however. The process is to represent the melody with a reasonably ‘vocal’ tone and incorporate this other stuff from the record: vocal nuances, guitar parts, bass parts, backing vocals etc.

For a lot of the album I used DADGAD which is my favorite alternate guitar tuning. The original of “Dear Prudence” is in drop D tuning, and it’s interesting because, even though it’s in D, John twists the pattern so that he’s not leading with the bottom string; he’s actually leading with the fifth, the open A string. It ‘floats’ in a way that a normal picking pattern wouldn’t. Incidentally, it’s actually the same right hand pattern he uses on “Julia,” but there it starts on the tonic, the home key note. Using DADGAD, I was able to configure it so I could get the melody as well as all of the other bits. John, Paul and George all picked up some picking tricks from Donovan in India when they were there with Maharishi.

There’s something quite ‘mantra-like’ about repetitive finger-picking patterns. John had this ability to transcend time in some of his songs. Add the two together and the results can be quite potent. When we were recording “Dear Prudence,” it was Hope’s birthday. As part of her present, she insisted I record it that day, and that evening we were going to see Sir Paul at the Hollywood Bowl. The house behind my studio was under construction and, though we recorded a bunch of takes,  we couldn’t use them because there was a low frequency rumble. We had about a brief time-window of 15 minutes from the time the noise stopped to the time we had to leave to see Paul. When I listened to the recording the next day, we got everything in that window. On one hand, it felt like we were stopping time, but on the other hand there was a certain urgency, which I think was appropriate creatively.

Daytrippin’: You’re so busy these days with the new CD, the year-round gigs, your web site…what else are you up to?

Juber: The question is what am I not up to? The best thing to do is check my web site at www.laurencejuber.com to find out. There’s always something going on. I recently did a documentary for Dateline NBC called “Children of the Harvest” about children of migrant farm workers. Dennis Murphy, the reporter who did the piece, is a fan and requested me. There’s a CD of that score in the works, also a live CD/DVD from a concert that I did in 2009. I’ve also been doing all the guitar session work on The Secret Life of the American Teenager, which is a top show on cable TV. Last year I did a studio album with Barry Manilow, but I don’t know when that’s coming out. It’s a very interesting rock concept album. I played on a Christmas album with Dan Hicks and His Hot Licks.

Hope and I have also written a few musicals, one of which was Hope’s creation called It’s The Housewives! The best way I can describe it is Dream Girls meets Spinal Tap. That will get a regional premiere production in Lincoln, Nebraska in March 2011. We also  have written the score to Gilligan’s Island, The Musical and just came back looking at a theater in Hawaii for a proposed production.

In early March, I’ll be doing the Eight Days A Week Beatle Cruise, which will be a delightful time.  Tony Bramwell, who was with the Beatles almost since the beginning, will be there and, if you’re into in-depth knowledge of the Beatles, Tony is the guy to ask. His book, Magical Mystery Tours is amazing. Plus, the cruise gives me the opportunity to hang out with Beatles fans, particularly guitar-playing Beatles fans. I’m pretty free with the information I put out there and there’s an interesting synergy. This year I’m also doing a lot of live shows.  A lot of times my agent emails me and says, “Here’s where you’re playing,” and I just go out and play my ‘guerilla tours‘ where I’ll hit a particular area of the country for a week or so. But then I’ll be back at home for a TV or movie score, some sessions or a production gig. Being a guitarist is what I do, have always done, and the fact that I’m busier than ever is truly a blessing.

LJ Plays the Beatles Vol. 2 is available on www.laurencejuber.com and www.amazon.com.

Marshall Terrill is the author of more than a dozen books. His latest, Steve McQueen: The Life and Legend of a Hollywood Icon (Triumph Books, 2010) is available at www.amazon.com

For more Beatles news, follow us at http://www.twitter.com/beatleshistory


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Exclusive: Ex-Wings guitarist, Laurence Juber, talks about attending ‘Paul McCartney University’

Exclusive Daytrippin’ interview: Guitarist Laurence Juber talks about how he became a member of Paul McCartney’s other band, Wings, and his new instrumental tribute to The Beatles

by Marshall Terrill

[Paul McCartney and Laurence Juber in Scotland in 1978;
photo courtesy Laurence Juber]

Laurence Juber has no need to rely on his past, therefore, he isn’t afraid to revisit it every now and then.

Often considered most famous for playing lead guitar in Wings from 1978 to 1981, he has since had a distinguished career as a solo fingerstyle guitarist.

The two-time Grammy award-winning artist has developed a reputation as a world-class guitar virtuoso solo artist, composer and arranger, and released 15 critically acclaimed solo albums since Wings folded.  His latest, LJ Plays The Beatles Vol. 2 (Solid Air, 2010), released on August 10 is a solo acoustic guitar arrangement of 15 songs by John Lennon and Paul McCartney.  It is also the long-awaited sequel to LJ Plays the Beatles (Solid Air, 2000), which was voted one of Acoustic Guitar magazine’s top 10 all-time acoustic albums.

In this candid and definitive two-part interview, Juber discusses the influence of the Beatles on his life, his career as a studio musician in London, the making of Back to the Egg and how he earned his musical degree from ‘McCartney University.’

Daytrippin’: I heard a curious story about you that almost seemed too good to be true, and so I have to ask – the first week that “I Want to Hold Your Hand” was released in Britain, it was also the same week you first picked up a guitar…true or false?

Juber: That’s essentially true.  I had been wanting to pick up a guitar for some time, but there was a period in the summer of 1963 where Beatlemania came into full force in the UK.  As a result, you really couldn’t get away from the fact that everything was all about pop music, especially at such an impressionable age.  I really wanted to play the guitar, not specifically because of the Beatles, but because of The Shadows, who were Cliff Richard’s backing group and they performed all of these instrumental hits – that was just wonderful stuff.  Then at the same time it was the start of the James Bond films, which had great twangy guitar sounds, which also influenced me.

In England music lessons started in junior high, so that was right around the start of my musical journey.  My dad had wanted me to play the saxophone and at the time,  I didn’t want to play the sax, so I compromised and said I’d play the clarinet.  It turned out there weren’t enough clarinets to go around, so I got a guitar for my 11th birthday, which was in November of 1963.  “I Want to Hold Your Hand” came out about a week later.  So it wasn’t specifically the Beatles as much as it was the entire pop scene and all the energy that was going around at the time.

The Beatles were a significant part of the whole thing happening in music.  It was like jumping into a river and being carried along by the current because it was all going in that direction.  I went into my teen years being swept along in this amazing Renaissance that was happening in pop music in England at the time.

Daytrippin’: And so who are the other musical influences you had as a youth?

Juber: It’s an extremely long list, too long to detail here because I was listening to everything.  I was not only into rock ‘n’ roll but jazz and folk too.  By the time I had turned 13, people were paying me to play.  It was then I realized that this was something that I wanted to do for a living, but I also recognized that I had a certain kind of versatility.  I was interested in a lot of different styles of music.  I learned to how finger-pick Bob Dylan tunes, learned to play the Bossa Nova, taking jazz records and slowing them down from 33 1/3 to 16 so I could figure out what the guitar was doing.  There were also a lot of West Coast jazz and studio players like Barney Kessell and Howard Roberts, as well as the Belgian gypsy jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt, who was very popular in England.  There was also the English folk scene with people like Bert Jansch and Martin Carthy, who are still great folk singers, and finger-pickers.

I also had a band with a group of friends, and we’d play every Saturday night.  We were always buying the latest Beatles records, the Stones, the Who and we’d learn it, rehearse it, play it and that was our Saturday night thing. Then I got into Clapton, Beck, Page — the English blues-driven players.  There was also Radio Luxembourg, which played all the Top 40 tunes before the BBC got hip.  I guess they had to because of all the pirate radio stations.  They played all the big American hits as well as Motown, which of course, was great.  I’d listen at night, focus in on what the bass player was doing, what the drummer was doing, and really deconstruct the music.  I also started listening to orchestral music and became very analytical about how I listened to that too.  So, a lot of influences, way more than I could repeat.

Daytrippin’: I assume your parents must have been quite encouraging?

Juber: There was some encouragement up to a certain point.  Both of my parents grew up in London in World War II during the blitz and the evacuations so they never had much of an education.  My dad left school at 14 and my mom at 15.  They were encouraging to the point where they thought it was great I kept myself occupied with a hobby but they wanted to make sure that I had something to fall back on.  They had visions of me being a doctor or at the very least a pharmacist or accountant or something like that.  I told them at a very young age I intended to make my living as a guitar player, so they were supportive to a point.  I also didn’t grow up in a very musical household, so that level of nurture really came from inside.  I was very self-directed.

[Photo courtesy Laurence Juber]

Daytrippin’: After you graduated from London University with a Bachelor of Music in 1975, how did you start getting booked as a studio musician and where were some sessions/albums you played on pre-Wings?

Juber: My ambition in life was to become a studio musician, so after high school I took a year off, which is what they now call the “gap” year.  I was a pioneer of the gap year (laughs).  What I did was work professionally for that one year, and I was playing jazz and folk clubs and demo sessions, generally making myself available as a musician and paying dues in London.  I also joined the National Youth Jazz Orchestra, which was something of a training ground for studio musicians.  I then attended London University but I was still gigging, playing clubs and being the substitute guitarist for the West End production of Jesus Christ Superstar.  I was supporting myself with music and learning as much as I could, but more importantly, making those connections to be able to transition full-time into a studio musician when I graduated.  My reputation got around and I eventually was introduced to various record producers and arrangers.

One of the albums I played on was Alan Parson’s Tales of Mystery and Imagination.  I had no idea at the time what the session was for.  I found out from a magazine interview that Alan did 30 years later.  I played on the score for The Spy Who Love Me, which was a James Bond film.  I played on a cool record that Rosemary Clooney did in London.  I also worked with Shirley Bassey, John Williams and Jimmy Rafferty.  One of the first album sessions I did was for Cleo Laine, who is a great English jazz singer and the producer was George Martin.  Sessions for European artists too:  Charles Aznavour from France, Lucio Battiste from Italy.  A lot of stuff that didn’t necessarily make an impression on the US market.  I played on a lot of records for a French artist named Cerrone, who was the ‘other’ Euro disco king, sort of like Georgio Moroder.  Again, I had no idea how successful the releases were until many years later.  I was very busy in that period.

Daytrippin’: Tell us how you got the gig for Wings?

Juber: I was working in the house band for “The David Essex Show” and Denny Laine was as guest on the show.  Denny played “Go Now” and liked how I played the solo. We bonded musically and that was it.  About six months later I got a call from Paul’s office MPL – ironically I was playing a session at Abbey Road Studios 2.  They said, “Denny wants to know if you can come jam on Monday, and, oh by the way Paul and Linda will be there…”

In the period between when I first met Denny and the audition, I actually ran into all of them at Air Studios.  I was early for a session and they were in there mixing the soundtrack for “Oriental Nightfish,” Linda’s tune for an animated film.  They were running late and invited me in to see what was going on, so I got to meet everybody and hang out.  Jimmy McCullough was already out of the band at that point, but it really wasn’t on my radar that they were looking for a guitar player.  I do remember that around that time I was working on a TV show in Manchester, which was a weekly pop show and it was the first time that I had seen the video for “With a Little Luck.”  It was the first thing where Steve Holly was visible and I remember someone saying, “That’s the new Wings drummer and I hear they’re looking for a guitarist.”  Then I got this call from out of the blue.

Daytrippin’: From what I understand, the audition process was very informal, jamming and playing a bunch of rock (“Johnny B. Goode”) and reggae songs, and hanging out.

Juber: Very much so.  I really didn’t know much of the Wings’ repertoire and I had to borrow a bunch of albums from my brother the previous weekend.  I tend to do well at cold auditions and I was lucky.  Really, I was quite busy with my session work and I had a big choice to make: do I continue along with my career, that I had been working on since I was a teenager or do I join Wings?  I thought about it for a nanosecond.  It seemed like one of those gigs that you shouldn’t turn down and I’m glad I didn’t, because I learned so much from that experience.

Daytrippin’: What was your first official gig for Wings?

Juber: The first official gig was when we recorded a song at RAK Studios in London called “Same Time Next Year” and I believe that was in May 1978. (Editor’s note: Curiously, the song was released on the final credits of the 1985 Ann-Margret film, Twice in a Lifetime) I had another gig playing on a variety show, so I couldn’t be at the session for the string overdubs.  Then we went up to Scotland (at McCartney’s farm) getting to know each other.  During that period is when we filmed the video for “I’ve Had Enough” (the second single from London Town).

Daytrippin’: I always thought it was strange that you had to mimic a guitar part that Jimmy McCullough recorded.  Did it seem strange to you?

Juber: It wasn’t strange at all.  That’s kind of par for the course as a musician because you often find yourself playing someone else’s part, especially if it’s a famous song.  To be honest, I knew I was stepping into Jimmy McCullough’s shoes and it was a perfectly reasonable transition. I really didn’t give it much thought, but what was interesting was the filming of the video.  We shot it all night and it was a one-camera shoot with film that was transferred to video.  I had never done a video before because I had only done live TV shows up to that point.

Here’s a funny story:  years later I played a guitar part for Eric Carmen on a song called “Make Me Lose Control”, which became a hit.  As the record was about to come out, I got a call from a company who wanted me to be in the video.  Well, they had no idea I had played on the record and thought I would be mimicking someone else’s performance.  So I got to mimic my own.

Daytrippin’: Back to the Egg was a big concept, had a big sound and certainly was an ambitious undertaking (i.e. Rockestra, videos, touring, promotion).  Do you think that was tied to the fact that McCartney had just signed a new multi-million dollar contract for Columbia or that he had felt it was time to do something bigger with Wings?

Juber: There was no perception in the doing of it that it was ‘bigger’ than normal.  I think what happened with that album, and the title was reflective of the fact, was that Paul had been heading in a softer direction and this was a change.  After Wings Over America, he recorded “Mull of Kintyre” and “With A Little Luck” and the London Town sessions.  There wasn’t really as much of a rock component to those sessions.  “I’ve Had Enough” was about as heavy as things got at that point.  Steve Holly was a heavier and more rocking drummer than Joe English, which is not a jab at Joe, it was just a matter of styles.  Steve had more of a British backbeat.

Producer Chris Thomas (Pink Floyd, Elton John, Roxy Music, INXS) had already been brought on board to co-produce the record.  If you look at Chris’ timeline, he did Back to the Egg between the Sex Pistols and The Pretenders.  He tends to raise the concept level of his projects and is a Beatle insider going back to the White Album.  Phil McDonald engineered, who was one of the Abbey Road-era people too.  We knew from the get-go that it was going to be a more basic vibe.  There’s certainly a significant rock element to that album especially in the “Rockestra” bits, and there’s also, which was typical in the 1970s English rock scene, a folk element.  I mean, you saw that a lot with Led Zeppelin and Jethro Tull, but of course, Paul articulates it in his own way.  So yes, it was going to be a rock-flavored album, but it was still just an eclectic bunch of songs.

There was a richness to the Columbia record deal that had given Paul a substantial publishing catalog and the label certainly had ambitions at the time.  It was overseen by  Walter Yentikoff, Bruce Lundvall, Don Devito, Paul Atkinson and other people who were quite legendary figures in the record business.  Certainly there was an expectation that putting Paul McCartney on your record label would have a certain kind of size to it, but by the time it was released in June 1979 the economy was not doing that great and the record business hit the wall.  All of the labels had gotten it into their heads that somehow every album that was released should do better than Fleetwood Mac’s Rumors or Saturday Night Fever.  That was a phase and sales went back to normal, relatively speaking.  Just the ebb and flow of things.  Nevertheless, Back to the Egg did quite well and could have done even better had he put “Goodnight Tonight” on the album.

Daytrippin’: Agreed.  I’ve always felt that was a major mistake on his part and the difference between going platinum and triple platinum had he included “Goodnight Tonight” (a Top 5 hit in America) and “Daytime Nightime Suffering” on the album.

Juber: Absolutely, it would have made a  significant difference.  But that goes back to the Beatles and the mentality about singles and albums.  The Beatles deal with EMI was two albums a year and and four singles, A and B sides.  So, with very few exceptions, in the UK you didn’t get the singles on the albums.  But we had talked about it…he said, “They want to do this but I’d rather give more value for money…”  So it didn’t get put on the album.

Daytrippin’: And the same thing happened again with “Coming Up,” which Paul was later forced to put on McCartney II as a 7-inch single.

Juber: That was interesting, too, because what happened with Back to the Egg, and continued through the UK tour was that we kind of forged ourselves as a rock band.  You can hear it on the Last Flight CD (a bootleg CD from their last live show) from Glasgow, Scotland, and the released live version of “Coming Up” came from that show.  There was a dichotomy going on where we were a tight rock band and Paul had just done the solo album McCartney II, which was kind of quirky and a bit left-field.  And quite truthfully, Columbia didn’t know how to market Paul’s music like Capitol did. But they did take notice when US rock radio started playing the live B-side of the single and it went to No. 1 for three  weeks in the Summer of 1980.  Columbia were obliged to add the 7-inch single to the McCartney II album as people were expecting the single to be on there.  Paul’s video was cool though.

We did the UK tour with the Japanese tour lined up right behind it, and the intention to tour the US in the summer of 1980.  So when you listen to the live stuff, there’s this rock band, a certain kind of heaviness that evolved out of the Back to the Egg sessions.  The problem was that where Paul was going in terms of his writing was a different direction, which ultimately turned out to be Tug of War and Pipes of Peace.  It was a body of material that wasn’t as well suited to a rock band, and neither of those are rock albums.  Tunes like “Ballroom Dancing” and “Average Person” are coming from a different place.  It’s more of a mature sound and it’s an artist who is settling down into a true solo career, who has his kids settled in school and has moved out of London.  After John Lennon died, which had to play some role in all of this, Paul didn’t tour again until 1989.

Daytrippin’: So Wings had actually rehearsed the material for the Tug of War sessions?

Juber: Yes, but most of those sessions were unproductive because we were working on songs that were more mature and not reflective of Wings.  We had evolved a band identity and this was feeling more like a Macca solo project; I would have been happier developing the tunes in the studio rather than rehearsals.  It was a step back in a way for me, because, working within the band context, Paul gave me a great deal of latitude on Back to the Egg.  There I’d offer up an idea and he’d either nod or he’d kind of raise an eyebrow and then I’d tweak it.  I remember very specifically when we were mixing “After the Ball,” I’d played an acoustic slide part and sat there just thinking, “I’d like to get my hand on that fader.”  I’d never been an engineer at that point and Paul noticed my discomfort and said, “Laurence, you run that fader.”  Not only did he accept my contribution but encouraged me to put it to the forefront.

Daytrippin’: Your personality certainly shows on Back to the Egg, which is interesting given your versatility and adaptability.

Juber: It’s interesting because at the time I was being my chameleon self as a studio player.  In the course of time, and this is something you don’t recognize at the time, I can listen back and say with some objectivity, “Hey, I had a sound and style back then.”

Daytrippin’: And it was a nice fit in that particular incarnation of the band – each of you had roles within the band and you not only played them perfectly, but there was room enough for everyone to shine and let your personality show through.

Juber: I think so, certainly in the musical sense.  Obviously there were other dynamics going on within the band in terms of where Paul and Linda were at in their lives, what was going on with Denny in his life, the more personality-driven aspects of the band.

Daytrippin’: You’ve stated before that watching Paul in the studio was an eye-opening experience because you were able to see him as a composer and how he fleshed out songs.  So with that said, did he come into the studio with the finished song in his head and you just laid down the tracks, or was it a situation that he fleshed them out with your help?

Juber: A lot of the time it was a finished song, but not always.  In the case of “Old Siam, Sir,” we were jamming one day and Steve Holly was playing keyboards and had this chord sequence.  I’m not sure if Paul was playing drums or if it was Linda because we’d trade off in a jamming situation, but what ended up happening was that ended up  in the instrumental section of the song.  I always felt that Steve should have received some sort of nod for that.  Unfortunately, that’s the nature of the process in that you don’t always get full credit for what you contribute as a musician, especially as the song-writing is traditionally words and melody, not chords, licks and grooves.  If you could copyright a rhythm, Bo Diddley would have been very happy.

Daytrippin’: But was there a time when you did see Paul flesh out a song that was half-finished or not a full idea?

Juber: Yes, Denny had written two incomplete songs and Paul suggested he merge the two, and that turned out to be “Again and Again and Again.”  That was Paul kind of wearing his producer hat at the time, but to the best of my recollection, most of the songs he brought in for Back to the Egg were complete to the extent where there might be a minor change to a lyric, but the song itself was pretty much there.

“Getting Closer” and the unreleased song “Cage” were off of demos, the latter being one that Paul and Denny did together.  There were times when there was a demo aspect to the sessions, and in some cases we created demos to see how the tune was shaping up.  We did a version of “Love Awake” that wasn’t a final version, as well as a demo of “Rockestra Theme” with just Wings so that everybody else could hear before the big session.  Typically the song was there, but in terms of production, getting the sound and arrangements right, that mostly took place in the studio.  I remember “Daytime Nightime Suffering”, which he composed over the weekend and came in with that on a Monday morning and we went right to work on it.  Paul was always very concise with his writing and was usually complete by the time we came to record it.  So the fleshing out was always on the production end of things, and occasionally we’d hear something that he was working on and then the next time he played it you could hear the progression. “Ebony and Ivory” comes to mind.

Daytrippin’: The group recorded “Back to the Egg” in several different places – McCartney’s farm in Scotland; Lympne Castle in Kent and Replica and EMI Studios in London.  In your opinion, did your surroundings have any influence on how you played or recorded a song?

Juber: I certainly think the surroundings impacted the sound of the record.  For example, we were recording “We’re Open Tonight” at Lympne Castle and I was sitting in the middle of a spiral staircase in a 13th Century castle with a 12-string acoustic guitar.  There’s certainly something to be said for the ambient aspect of your surroundings.  Being on the farm in Scotland definitely added to the rawness of “Spin It On” “Old Siam, Sir” and “To You”.

Daytrippin’: Wouldn’t it be fair to say that Back to the Egg is a British-sounding album?

Juber: It is very British. Other than the Fender, Gibson and Martin guitars, there’s nothing American about the sound of it and some of that is purely technical.  Amplifiers sound different at 50 cycles than they do at 60 cycles.  Just the AC power makes a difference to the sound of the equipment, the way the record was produced, the way the drums were miked, was more English than American; the players were English.  Look at Ram…it sounds so much like a New York album.  It was recorded in there and the players were all from the area, and there’s kind of a New York energy to it.  Denny Seiwell shines on that record.

Conversely, we did a lot of stuff at Abbey Road, which is about as English as it gets. We created Replica Studio in the basement of Paul’s office Soho Square primarily for mixing, but we did some recording there too.  The track for “Daytime Nightime Suffering” was all recorded there.  The drums were placed in a room where the coffee machine was.  That’s where I also did the acoustic solo for “Goodnight Tonight.”  It’s a different kind of vibe.

Daytrippin’: Back to the Egg was not only a big and powerful album, but it was eclectic.  The range of songs from full on rockers (“Rockestra Theme”; “Spin it On”; “So Glad to See You Here; “Old Siam, Sir”) to mid-tempo (“Arrow Through Me”; “Again  and Again and Again”) to ballads (“Winter Rose/Love Awake”) to original standards (“Baby’s Request”) to instrumentals (“Reception” and “Rockestra Theme”).  I recall seeing a Brian Wilson interview on television saying how much fun and wild Wings were because he never knew what to expect.

Juber: I had no idea he said that…that’s great because, if anyone is equally eclectic to Paul in terms of the production process, it’s Brian Wilson.  And, of course, Brian was revered in England.  Pet Sounds was not a huge hit in America but it was the Sergeant Pepper precursor in England.  I’d have to say Paul was the most eclectic artist I’ve ever worked with.  It’s in his nature.  This goes back to the Beatles.  They were a very eclectic band.  How many bands can you look at and say this was an incredible live rock ‘n’ roll band, before they ever made a record!  They were also an incredible R & B band…look at their R & B influences, especially John.  “All I’ve Got to Do” is proto-Al Green.  Take that song and look at it, it’s in that Smokey Robinson kind of area.  In fact, it was one of the songs I did for LJ Plays the Beatles Vol. 2.  It was so cool to do because it had such an immediate vibe about it.  Their version of the Shirelles “Baby, It’s You” is as good, if not better than the original version.  Fantastic R & B group, but you add that to the fact they were the most phenomenal pop group and the greatest bunch of studio musicians.  What they did in the studio as musicians was amazing, beyond the obvious progression as recording artists and songwriters.

It really hit home when I listened to Let It Be…Naked a few years back and what was going on in terms of the guitar parts.  Quite often John and George would really work out these cool two-guitar parts – “And Your Bird Can Sing” for example – sometimes you don’t even realize that it’s two guitars, but they were very much into that.  Paul was always eclectic because he was so versatile.  I believe Back to the Egg exemplifies a rock album, a folk album, a pop album, and certainly less geared to an American consciousness by comparison let’s say to Venus and Mars.  It was also a blessing and a curse.  At the time, that eclecticism wasn’t appreciated.  It was a two-star album in 1979 and it’s a four-star album in 2010.  As time has gone on, I think people have come to re-evaluate it in terms of Paul’s body of work and what was going on at the time in the music scene.

When you deconstruct the music, for example “Arrow Through Me”,  harmonically it is almost like Duke Ellington could have had written it.  I think “Again and Again and Again” was one of Denny’s more immediate and interesting contributions…

Daytrippin’: And speaking of Denny, I know it’s a rather obvious thing to say, but in doing my research for this interview, including watching a lot of videos, it really hit home for me that Denny was quite visible and a major presence in this band.  I know there are reports from him that he felt like a sideman at times, but his face was out there front and center.

Juber: Absolutely.  There is no question that Wings as a core group is the Paul, Linda and Denny ensemble.  This is where it carries over into getting Wings into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.  Wings was not just Paul McCartney post-Beatles.  Wings was Paul McCartney’s group post Beatles, if that makes sense.  If you go see Paul now and when he does a Wings song in his set, it’s great but there is something missing.  You’re not hearing Linda’s voice; you’re not hearing Denny’s voice; you’re not getting the qualities that they brought to Paul’s work.  It was a tempering.  I think Paul recognized that he needed a foil, without John being around.  Obviously, no one could fill in for John Lennon but Denny has his own eclecticism with his gypsy/folk sensibilities with an R & B voice and rock guitar prowess.  And Linda was kinda the glue.  Things just worked better with Linda there in the room because she was Paul’s soulmate and the female balancing part of his creative energy.  There was a dynamic that happened and, as much as Paul will perform a Wings song and you tap your foot and sing along with it and think, “What a great song,”  it doesn’t sound like Wings.  I do appreciate the fact that he plays some of those tunes though.

Daytrippin’: I’ve always felt that he personally never gave Wings enough credit despite the fact they had 14 Top Ten hits in America (six of those going to No. 1) and eight Top Ten albums (five of those at No. 1).  Today they’d be considered a supergroup.

Juber: Well, Wings was a supergroup.  I remember listening to Kasey Casem’s American Top 40 on the radio and they had the top groups of all-time. The Beatles were No. 1 and Wings was something like No. 3.  I had no idea we were quite that big.

Daytrippin’: I guess my point is that I get the feeling that Paul never viewed them as a supergroup…that they were just his little band and they were forced to live in the shadow of the Beatles.  Wings’ music was the soundtrack of many young lives in the 1970s, including mine, and I don’t believe he’s ever reconciled that part of his musical career.  Look at Wingspan (the CD) – he padded it out with solo material that simply didn’t belong on there.

Juber: Wings were simply above and beyond Paul’s solo career.  But I think Paul, in the nature of writing his own legacy, he’s certainly entitled to write his version of history or how he perceived it, but the fact is there are other factors in the scenario and other people have their opinions, too.  I too was a little disappointed with Wingspan (the documentary) that so much time was devoted to the breakup of the Beatles and not enough time was spent on Wings and the progression of the band and what it really represented from a musical point of view.  But that’s just water under the bridge.  For me, Wings was a great experience and anything that happens in the history books is sort of a bonus thing.  I got my Master’s degree from McCartney University and that’s good enough for me.

Click here to read part two of Laurence Juber’s Daytrippin’ interview

LJ Plays the Beatles Vol. 2 is available on www.laurencejuber.com and www.amazon.com.  Look for Laurence Juber at the Chicago Fest for Beatles Fans August 13-15 at the Hyatt Regency Hotel, or visit www.thefest.com

Marshall Terrill is the author of more than a dozen books.  His latest, Steve McQueen: A Tribute to the King of Cool (Dalton Watson Fine Books, 2010) is availble on www.daltonwatson.com and www.amazon.com.

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Paul McCartney and daughters, Mary and Stella McCartney, ask everyone to support ‘meat free monday’ campaign

The MEAT FREE MONDAY campaign was officially launched on June 15, 2009. Paul McCartney, his daughters Stella and Mary McCartney, Yoko Ono and many other celebrities were in attendance.

Watch a video about the ‘Meat Free Monday’ launch:

Over the last few years scientific data on livestock’s contribution to climate change has been increasing. Having a MEAT FREE MONDAY every week is a simple way to start making a real difference in the world. The more people who join in, the more difference we can make.

Sir Paul McCartney explains:
“I think many of us feel helpless in the face of environmental challenges, and it can be hard to know how to sort through the advice about what we can do to make a meaningful contribution to a cleaner, more sustainable, healthier world. Having one designated meat free day a week is actually a meaningful change that everyone can make, that goes to the heart of several important political, environmental and ethical issues all at once. For instance it not only addresses pollution, but better health, the ethical treatment of animals, global hunger and community and political activism.”

The Meat Free Monday website will feature useful tips and recipes from Linda McCartney’s cookbooks as well as the UK’s leading chefs. It will also provide a community of support and information for those who want to know more about the way diet choices can influence a healthier environment.

The campaign is supported by Linda McCartney Foods. The complete Linda McCartney range can be found on the brand new Linda McCartney Foods website.

Watch a video of Linda McCartney talking about her first vegetarian cookbook, Home Cooking

For more info, visit the official website (www.supportMFM.org)